Screen printing

Screen printing

The screen printing (serigraphy) is a technical process that allows to print (in ink) texts and drawings on various types of media (flexible and rigid), regardless of their shape and their material through an industrial system of flexible stencil.

The various applications of the screen printing

Objects to print can be made of textiles, wood, paper, metal, glass, ceramic, plastic, cardboard… They may be round, square, cylindrical, embossed… Silkscreen printing is particularly used in the realization of identifying objects (panels, tables, signs, stickers…), promotional items (posters, pens, cups, boxes, magnets, pouches…), textiles (clothing, fabric bags, flags…) and electronic objects (wires). Used inks harden and are resistant, and they differ depending on the surface to be printed.

The operation of the screen printing

Screen printing is a printing stencil form, improved and automated. The screen is a nylon fabric (or polyester) stretched on a wooden frame (or metal), which makes the stencil with the shape or the text to print. The artworks are deposited (film containing the transparent document to see), we apply a photosensitive emulsion and the screen is exposed to ultraviolet rays, during a given time. Cooking by insolation and rinsing the screen with water give rise to the impression matrix. It is deposited on the object to print, and then the ink is applied from above using a squeegee. There are several colors to apply, whether to manufacture several screens.

Screen printing has many advantages: it allows to print objects with an original and creative way, on all types of media, regardless of their material. In addition, it is particularly useful in the industrial sector.

The history of screen printing

Screen printing is a printing process invented in China, between the 10th and the 13th century. This technique has spread in Asia, before arriving in the United States in the 19th century, at the same time as Chinese immigration. The craze around the screen printing was immediate, and Americans helped to modernize. Artists lie Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein, at the origin of the “Pop Art”, used it to carry out many of their works and made them famous. But these are American soldiers who did discover this printing technique to Europeans, at the time of the second world war, because they used it to mark their vehicles and carry out the signage of their camps. Like Warhol and Lichtenstein, Henri Matisse and other European artists began to use this technique to create their works. Starting in 1970, screen printing became widespread in Europe, and remains, today, omnipresent in our daily lives.